Michael Madhusudan Dutt

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Michael Madhusudan Dutt was an eminent poet, an extraordinary linguist and the pioneer of the Bengali playwriting during Bengali renaissance movement. He was born in 1824 in a Bengali aristocrat family of Jessore of present day Bangladesh. He started exhibiting his outstanding merits since his childhood and later he expressed his love for the English language. In his academic career he discovered various literary aspects of English and gradually fell for the European culture. Despite family restrictions, Dutt took Christianity in order to develop a European intellectual mindset and took the name ‘Michael’. This helped him to understand the English language extensively and he published his first poem ‘Captive Lady and Visions of the Past’ in 1849. After that he gave attention to contribute in Bengali literature. His first play was ‘Sarmistha’, which brought him immense success as a playwright. His other remarkable plays are ‘Padmavati’, ‘Krishna Kumari’, ‘Buro Shaliker Ghare Ro’ etc. He was the first poet to use blank verses in his writing that led him to write ‘Tilottoma Sambhava’. He is also considered as the father of Bengali sonnet and penned down ‘Kapatakkha River’. His most notable work was ‘Meghnadbad-Kabya’ which was published in 1862. Although he embraced the European culture initially, he took great responsibility to enrich Bengali language. This great poet passed away in 1873 which is an irreparable loss for Bengali literature.


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