Jagadananda Roy

জগদানন্দ রায়

Jagadananda Roy was one of the most prominent scientific literature writers of 20th Century Bengal. He was bornon 18th of September, 1869 in a aristocratic family of Krishnanagar, Nadia. After his formal education, Jagadananda Roy started teaching in a local missionary school for some time. His keen interest for writing short scientific articles in a simple and lucid style brought him into attention of Rabindranath Tagore who was then the editor of Sadhana periodical. Rabindranath found these writings very attractive and when he found that Jagadananda was in dire need for financial support, he offered him a job on his estate. Knowing that this work was not appropriate for someone like Jagadananda, he also asked him to teach his children. When the Brahmacharyasrama was founded, he brought Jagadananda over to Santiniketan as a teacher. He was the first Sarvadhyaksha of the school. A dedicated teacher, he taught continuously till his retirement in 1932, after which he continued to take Mathematics classes voluntarily.

For his literary contribution, Jagadananda Roy was credited with writing one of the very first Bengali science fictions after Hemlal Dutta, titles “Sukra Bhromon” which was published in Bharati in 1895. He contributed with more than 250 scientific articles like “Acahya Jagadish Chandrer Abishkar”, “Aalok o Bornogyan”, “Groher Bashpomondal”, “Chul Pake keno”, “Notun Chikitsapodhhoti” etc. published in periodicals like Bharati, Prabasi, Tatwabodhini, Bangadarshan, Sahitya, Pradip, Bharatbarsha, Sishusathi, Manasi, Bhandar etc., and 18 popular science books in Bengali including “Prokriti Porichoy”, “ Groho Nokkhotro”, “Poka Makor”, “Gachpala”, “ Mach Bang Shap”, “Banglar Pakhi”, “Shabdo”, “Aalo”, “Chumbak”, “Sthir Bidyut” etc. to propagate scientific and rational thinking in simple Bengali in the manner of Ramendrasundar Trivedi. He also served as the editor of the periodicals Sishusathi and Santiniketan for some time.

Jagadananda Roy passed away on 25th of June 1933, at the age of 64 years.